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Total Knee Revision Surgery

Total Knee Revision Surgery – A total knee revision surgery is a replacement joint that wears out, loosens or develops a problem, can be resurfaced or replaced in a joint revision operation.

Total Knee revision surgery, which is also known as revision total knee arthroplasty, is a procedure in which the surgeon removes a previously implanted artificial knee joint, or prosthesis, and replaces it with a new prosthesis. Knee revision surgery may also involve the use of bone grafts.

Knee prostheses can come loose for one of two reasons. One is mechanical and is related to the fact that the knee joint bears a great deal of weight when a person is walking or running.

The second reason for loosening of a knee prosthesis is related to the development of inflammation in the knee joint. The plastic part of a knee prosthesis is made of a material called polyethylene, which can form small particles of debris as a result of wear on the prosthesis over time.

If the patient has an uneven gait, or pattern of walking, the debris particles tend to form at a faster rate because one side of the prosthesis will tend to pull away from the bone and the other side will be pushed further into the bone. These tiny fragments of plastic are absorbed by tissue cells around the knee joint, which become inflamed.

The inflammatory response begins to dissolve the bone around the prosthesis in a process known as osteolysis. As the osteolysis continues, bone loss accelerates and the prosthesis eventually comes loose.
A knee prosthesis that has become infected or completely dislocated must be removed and replaced to prevent permanent damage to the patient’s knee.

In total revision knee surgery, the surgeon removes the original prosthesis, cement, surrounding tissue and dead bone before inserting a new prosthesis. Thanks to our patented techniques for hip and total knee revision surgery, most patients experience better outcomes and fewer complications.

Postoperative care for total knee revision surgery is the same as that for the original replacement surgery. Patients usually have a combination of home health care, physical and occupational therapy and other forms of rehabilitation.

Possible complications from this procedure are similar to those in the original joint replacement surgery. However, in general the success rate for revision surgery is lower than that of original joint replacement surgery because the bone is weaker and the prosthesis is more likely to loosen.

To hear about the experiences of MedToGo International clients who have undergone orthopedic surgery, please visit our testimonials page.


Cedars Sinai

Surgery Encyclopedia

Testimonial » view all

Susan Wilson – (Right) Total Knee Revision Surgery Testimonial using MedToGo as my Medical Travel Facilitator

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Susan Wilson - (Right) Total Knee Revision Testimonial